Protecting the Mental Health of Small-to-Medium Enterprise Owners: A Randomized Control Trial Evaluating a Self-Administered Versus Telephone Supported Intervention

Angela Martin (Lead Author), Michelle Kilpatrick, Jenn Scott, Fiona Cocker, Sarah Dawkins, Paula Brough, Kristy Sanderson

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1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Small-medium enterprises (SMEs) are under-represented in occupational health research. Owner/managers face mental ill-health risks/exacerbating factors including financial stress and long working hours. This study assessed the effectiveness of a workplace mental health and wellbeing intervention specifically for SME owner/managers. METHODS: Two hundred ninety seven owner/managers of SMEs were recruited and invited to complete a baseline survey assessing their mental health and wellbeing and were then randomly allocated to one of three intervention groups: (1) self-administered, (2) self-administered plus telephone, or (3) an active control condition. After a four-month intervention period they were followed up with a second survey. RESULTS: Intention to treat analyses showed a significant decrease in psychological distress for both the active control and the telephone facilitated intervention groups, with the telephone group demonstrating a greater ratio of change. CONCLUSION: The provision of telephone support for self-administered interventions in this context appears warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-510
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume62
Issue number7
Early online date22 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

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