Protecting wild animals from unnecessary suffering

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This article compares the protection from unnecessary suffering afforded to wild animals with that afforded to domesticated animals and animals under human control. It considers various species-specific bio-diversity- and conservation-based protection for wild animals, under legislation such as the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 and the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010, as well as the general protection from intentionally inflicted unnecessary suffering afforded to wild mammals under the Wild Mammals (Protection) Act 1996. The article then compares the standard of protection afforded to wild animals with that afforded to non-wild animals under section 4 of the Animal Welfare Act 2006, which criminalises unnecessary suffering unreasonably caused to non-wild animals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-494
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Environmental Law
Issue number3
Early online date17 Sep 2014
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014


  • Wild animals
  • Unnecessary suffering
  • Unreasonableness
  • Criminal Law
  • Negligence

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