Protein-cofactor interactions and EPR parameters for the Q(H) quinone binding site of quinol oxidase. A density functional study

Sylwia Kacprzak, Martin Kaupp, Fraser Macmillan

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Recent multifrequency EPR studies of the "high-affinity" quinone binding site of quinol oxidase (Q(H) site) have suggested a very asymmetric hydrogen-bonding environment for the semiquinone radical anion state. Single-sided hydrogen bonding to the O-1 carbonyl position was one of the proposals, which contrasts with some previous experimental indications. Here density functional calculations of the EPR parameters (g-tensors, C-13, H-1, and O-17 hyperfine tensors) for a wide variety of supermolecular model complexes have been used to provide insight into the detailed relations among structure, environment, and EPR parameters of ubisemiquinone radical anions. A single-sided binding model is not able to account for the experimentally observed low g., component of the g-tensor or for the observed magnitude of the asymmetry of the C-13 carbonyl HFC tensors. Based on the detailed comparison between computation and experiment, a model with two hydrogen bonds to O-1 and one hydrogen bond to O-4 is suggested for the Q(H) site, but a model with one more hydrogen bond on each side cannot be excluded. Several general conclusions on the interrelations between EPR parameters and hydrogen bond patterns of ubisemiquinones in proteins are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5659-5671
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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