Protocol biopsy of the stable renal transplant: a multicenter study of methods and complication rates

Peter N Furness, Carl M Philpott, Mary T Chorbadjian, Michael L Nicholson, Jean-Louis Bosmans, Bob L Corthouts, Johannes J P M Bogers, Anke Schwarz, Wilfried Gwinner, Hermann Haller, Michael Mengel, Daniel Seron, Francesc Moreso, Conception Cañas

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186 Citations (Scopus)


The incidence of clinically significant complications after protocol biopsy of a stable renal transplant is low. Direct benefits to the patients concerned (irrespective of the benefit that may accrue in clinical trials) were not formally assessed but seem likely to outweigh the risk of the procedure. We believe that it is ethically justifiable to ask renal transplant recipients to undergo protocol biopsies in clinical trials and routine care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-973
Number of pages5
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sep 2003

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