Provincial human development index, a guide for efficiency level analysis: The case of Iran

Asma Sabermahani, Mohsen Barouni, Hesam Seyedin, Aidin Aryankhesal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite indicator that can show the impact of economic strategies on human life standardsThe index is calculated by three main factors of income, education and healthThis research studies the status of HDI across the Iranian provinces, its changes over time and the efficiency of provinces in using resourcesMethods: The data for 2001 and 2009 was obtained from the Iranian Center of StatisticsData envelopment analysis technique was used to analyze the dataTo calculate the efficiency, Banker, Charnes and Cooper's model was usedResults: The national mean for the HDI in 2001 was 0.717 while it grew to 0.747 in 2009Except for one province, all others had an improved human development indexLow ranked provinces such as Sistan & Baluchistan and Kurdistan stayed at the bottom in 2009 as wellSome provinces such as Bushehr with developing oil industries, or those purposively benefited from national oil income showed good growthIn some provinces, such as Hormozgan, out-migration of manpower to its neighboring province, Bushehr, was associated with decrease of the provincial income levelThe number of efficient provinces increased from 5 to 13 in 2009Conclusion: Iran falls among countries with high human development index based on the 2009 dataHowever, the distribution of HDI status across provinces was highly varied and the difference between high- and low-developed provinces increased in 2009The government needs to revise policies concerning distribution of resources among the provinces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalIranian Journal of Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2013


  • Bcc model
  • Data envelopment analysis
  • Efficiency
  • Human development index
  • Iran
  • Resource allocation

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