Quantitative deformation analysis differentiates ischaemic and non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy: sub-group analysis of the VINDICATE trial

James R. J. Foley, Peter P. Swoboda, Graham J. Fent, Pankaj Garg, Adam K. McDiarmid, David P Ripley, Bara Erhayiem, Tarique Al Musa, Laura E Dobson, Sven Plein, Klaus K. Witte, John P. Greenwood

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Aims: To test the hypothesis that patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) have different torsion and strain parameters, and compare to healthy, age-matched controls. VINDICATE investigated efficacy of high-dose vitamin D on patients with heart failure (HF) secondary to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction of any aetiology. It is important to differentiate ICM and NICM as treatment and prognosis varies significantly. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) reliably determines aetiology of HF and tissue tagging techniques are recognized as the reference standard measures of strain and torsion.

Methods and results: Fifty three patients (31 ICM, 22 NICM) from VINDICATE and 25 controls underwent CMR at 3.0T, including cine imaging in multiple planes and tissue tagging by spatial modulation of magnetization. CMR data were analysed blinded, by quantitatively reporting circumferential strain and torsion from tagged images and global longitudinal strain from feature tracking. HF patients had larger ventricles indexed to body surface area, lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), LV torsion, twist, and strain parameters compared to controls. There were no significant differences between ICM and NICM in age, blood pressure, heart rhythm, or NYHA status. There was no significant difference in LV dimensions, EF, and strain parameters between ICM and NICM. NICM patients had significantly lower LV twist (6.0 ± 3.7° vs. 8.8 ± 4.3°, P = 0.023) and torsion (5.9 ± 3.5° vs. 8.8 ± 4.7°, P = 0.017) compared to ICM.

Conclusion: Twist, torsion, and strain are reduced in HF patients compared to controls. Torsion and twist are significantly lower in patients with NICM compared to ICM, despite similar volumetric dimensions, circumferential and longitudinal strain parameters, and LVEF.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-823
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal-Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number7
Early online date3 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

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