Racism and racial categorization

Jim Blascovich, Natalie A. Wyer, Laura A. Swart, Jeffrey L. Kibler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Social identity theory predicts that perceivers strongly identified with an in-group will maximize the distinction and maintain a clear boundary between their own and other groups by categorizing others' membership accurately. Two experiments tested the prediction that racially prejudiced individuals, who presumably identify highly with their racial in-group, are more motivated to make accurate racial categorizations than nonprejudiced individuals. Results indicated that prejudiced participants not only took longer to categorize race-ambiguous targets (Experiments 1 and 2), but also made more nonverbal vocalizations when presented with them (Experiment 1), suggesting response hesitation. The results support the hypothesis that, compared to nonprejudiced individuals, prejudiced individuals concern themselves with accurate identification of in-group and out-group members and use caution when making racial categorizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1364-1372
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1997

Cite this