The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has traditionally been described as having two bundles-one anteromedial and one posterolateral. This has been challenged by studies proposing the existence of a third, intermediate, bundle with distinct functional significance, an arrangement that has been described in a number of domesticated animal species. No radiological evidence for the triple bundle ACL has previously been described. A prevalence study was carried out on 73 consecutive human knee magnetic resonance (MR) studies to determine the number of visible bundles, excluding individuals with a history of ACL injury or mucoid degeneration. A triple bundle ACL was demonstrated in 15 out of 73 human knees (20.5%, 95% confidence interval 12.9-31.2%). This is the first radiological description of the human triple bundle ACL. There was MR imaging evidence of a triple bundle ACL in approximately one fifth of human knees in this study. Clin. Anat. 27:1097-1102, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2014|
- anterior cruciate ligament
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- knee anatomy