Randomized trial to determine the effect of nebivolol on mortality and cardiovascular hospital admission in elderly patients with heart failure (SENIORS)

Marcus D Flather, Marcelo C Shibata, Andrew J S Coats, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Aleksandr Parkhomenko, Joszef Borbola, Alain Cohen-Solal, Dan Dumitrascu, Roberto Ferrari, Philippe Lechat, Jordi Soler-Soler, Luigi Tavazzi, Lenka Spinarova, Jiri Toman, Michael Böhm, Stefan D Anker, Simon G Thompson, Philip A Poole-Wilson, SENIORS Investigators

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1375 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: Large randomized trials have shown that beta-blockers reduce mortality and hospital admissions in patients with heart failure. The effects of beta-blockers in elderly patients with a broad range of left ventricular ejection fraction are uncertain. The SENIORS study was performed to assess effects of the beta-blocker, nebivolol, in patients =70 years, regardless of ejection fraction. Methods and results: We randomly assigned 2128 patients aged =70 years with a history of heart failure (hospital admission for heart failure within the previous year or known ejection fraction =35%), 1067 to nebivolol (titrated from 1.25 mg once daily to 10 mg once daily), and 1061 to placebo. The primary outcome was a composite of all cause mortality or cardiovascular hospital admission (time to first event). Analysis was by intention to treat. Mean duration of follow-up was 21 months. Mean age was 76 years (SD 4.7), 37% were female, mean ejection fraction was 36% (with 35% having ejection fraction >35%), and 68% had a prior history of coronary heart disease. The mean maintenance dose of nebivolol was 7.7 mg and of placebo 8.5 mg. The primary outcome occurred in 332 patients (31.1%) on nebivolol compared with 375 (35.3%) on placebo [hazard ratio (HR) 0.86, 95% Cl 0.74-0.99; P = 0.039]. There was no significant influence of age, gender, or ejection fraction on the effect of nebivolol on the primary outcome. Death (all causes) occurred in 169 (15.8%) on nebivolol and 192 (18.1%) on placebo (HR 0.88, 95% Cl 0.71-1.08; P = 0.21). Conclusion: Nebivolol, a beta-blocker with vasodilating properties, is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for heart failure in the elderly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-225
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005


  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Benzopyrans
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cause of Death
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Ethanolamines
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Failure
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Compliance
  • Stroke Volume
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vasodilator Agents

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