Recent advances in hybrid sodium-air batteries

Xiaolong Xu, Kwan San Hui, Duc Anh Dinh, Kwun Nam Hui, Hao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


Among alkali-air batteries, aprotic sodium-air batteries (SABs) have attracted considerable attention owing to their high theoretical specific energy (1683 W h kg-1), high Na abundance, low-cost, and environment-friendliness. However, the application of SABs is currently restricted by their limited cycling life and low energy efficiencies due to insoluble and nonconductive discharge products (NaO2 and Na2O2) generated on air electrodes. By contrast, hybrid SABs (HSABs) have resolved these daunting challenges by adopting an aqueous electrolyte cathode via a unique solid ceramic-ion-conductor-layer design separating the aprotic and aqueous electrolytes, resulting in extended cycle life. Thus, HSABs have aroused immense attention as promising next-generation energy storage systems. However, HSABs still face the key challenge of unsatisfactory cycling life that hinders their practical applications. In this review, HSAB principles are introduced, and the synthesis and rational designs of electrocatalysts based on the oxygen reduction reaction/oxygen evolution reaction from other metal-air batteries are comprehensively reviewed for the purpose of providing insight into the development of efficient air electrodes for HSABs. Furthermore, research directions of anodes, electrolytes, and air electrodes toward high-performance HSABs are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1306-1335
Number of pages30
JournalMaterials Horizons
Issue number7
Early online date25 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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