Recent and emerging technologies for the rapid diagnosis of infection and antimicrobial resistance

Alexander J. Trotter, Alp Aydin, Michael J. Strinden, Justin O'Grady

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


The rise in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is predicted to cause 10 million deaths per year by 2050 unless steps are taken to prevent this looming crisis. Microbiological culture is the gold standard for the diagnosis of bacterial/fungal pathogens and antimicrobial resistance and takes 48 hours or longer. Hence, antibiotic prescriptions are rarely based on a definitive diagnosis and patients often receive inappropriate treatment. Rapid diagnostic tools are urgently required to guide appropriate antimicrobial therapy, thereby improving patient outcomes and slowing AMR development. We discuss new technologies for rapid infection diagnosis including: sample-in-answer-out PCR-based tests, BioFire FilmArray and Curetis Unyvero; rapid susceptibility tests, Accelerate Pheno and microfluidic tests; and sequencing-based approaches, focusing on targeted and clinical metagenomic nanopore sequencing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Microbiology
Early online date9 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

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