Abstract
It is a classical result that any finite tree with positively weighted edges, and without vertices of degree 2, is uniquely determined by the weighted path distance between each pair of leaves. Moreover, it is possible for a (small) strict subset L of leaf pairs to suffice for reconstructing the tree and its edge weights, given just the distances between the leaf pairs in L. It is known that any set L with this property for a tree in which all interior vertices have degree 3 must form a cover for T {that is, for each interior vertex v of T, L must contain a pair of leaves from each pair of the three components of T ̶ v. Here we provide a partial converse of this result by showing that if a set L of leaf pairs forms a cover of a certain type for such a tree T then T and its edge weights can be uniquely determined from the distances between the pairs of leaves in L. Moreover, there is a polynomialtime algorithm for achieving this reconstruction. The result establishes a special case of a recent question concerning `triplet covers', and is relevant to a problem arising in evolutionary genomics.
Original language  English 

Article number  P2.15 
Journal  Electronic Journal of Combinatorics 
Volume  21 
Issue number  2 
Publication status  Published  2 May 2014 
Keywords
 Xtree
 tree metric
 tree reconstruction
 shellability
 triplet cover
Profiles

Katharina Huber
 School of Computing Sciences  Associate Professor
 Computational Biology  Member
Person: Research Group Member, Academic, Teaching & Research