Recovery from poststroke visual impairment: Evidence from a clinical trials resource

Myzoon Ali, Christine Hazelton, Patrick Lyden, Alex Pollock, Marian Brady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction. Limited evidence suggests that visual impairments may influence outcome after stroke. The degree of recovery from these impairments is poorly characterized. Objectives. To describe recovery and to determine whether visual impairments influence functional outcome and quality of life. Methods. We extracted demographic and outcome data from the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA). We examined horizontal eye movement disorders and hemianopia using the Best Gaze and Visual domains of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and described recovery at 30 and 90 days. Proportional odds modelling was used to examine the association between impairments at baseline, modified Rankin Scale (mRS), and European Quality of Life Score (EQ-5D) at 90 days. Results. Visual impairments were reported in 7,204/11,900 (60.5%) patients at baseline. Complete recovery occurred in 1,398/3,285 (42.6%) and 3,243/7,204 (45.0%) patients by 30 and 90 days respectively. The burden of persistent visual impairment in survivors was 1,135/4,028 (28.2%) at 30 days and 1,915/9,338 (20.5%) at 90 days. Partial gaze palsy (P < .0001; OR = 0.81; 95% CI = 0.74-0.87), forced deviation (P < .0001; OR = 0.48; 95% CI = 0.43-0.53), and complete homonymous hemianopia (P < .0001; OR = 0.67; 95% CI = 0.62-0.73) at baseline were associated with poor mRS at 90 days. Conclusions. The rate of recovery was greater in the first month after stroke, suggesting a potential time frame for interventions. The associations between visual impairments and poor mRS suggest that these impairments should be considered in multidisciplinary assessments and interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-141
Number of pages9
JournalNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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