Regional differences in store-operated Ca2+ entry in the epithelium of the intact human lens

Jeremy D. Rhodes, Sarah L. Russell, Christopher D. Illingworth, George Duncan, I. Michael Wormstone

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Abstract

An elevated level of Ca2+ is an important factor in cataract, yet precisely how Ca2+ enters the lens is unknown. Lens epithelial cells contain a range of G-protein–coupled receptors and receptor tyrosine kinases that induce increases in intracellular Ca2+. Receptor-associated Ca2+ influx is, therefore, likely to be an important route for Ca2+ influx to the lens. The authors investigated stimulated and passive Ca2+ influx in in situ human lens epithelium. Ca2+ changes in equatorial (E) and central anterior (CA) epithelial cells were monitored with the use of a Ca2+ indicator (Fluo4) and confocal microscopy. Gene expression was monitored by RT-PCR and immunoblotting. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) induced Ca2+ responses that were smaller in CA than E. Ca2+ store depletion, using ATP (100 µM) or thapsigargin (1 µM), revealed greater relative store capacity and Ca2+ influx in E. Ca2+ influx was blocked by La3+ (0.5 µM) in both regions. Unstimulated Ca2+ influx was greater in E than CA. Greater expression of Orai1 and STIM1 was detected in E than in CA. Greater Ca2+ store capacity and Ca2+ influx in E compared with CA reflects underlying differences in proliferation and differentiation between the regions. The relatively small resting Ca2+ influx in CA epithelium suggests that store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is the main route of Ca2+ influx in these cells. Greater resting influx and SOCE in E cells suggests that these are a major route for Ca2+ influx into the lens. Increased expression of Orai1 and STIM1 in E could account for the differences in Ca2+ entry. Receptor activation will modulate Ca2+ influx, and inappropriate activity may contribute to cortical cataract.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4330-4336
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Volume50
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

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