23 Downloads (Pure)


While the three functions of Collective Management Organisations - to licence use, monitor use, and to collect and distribute the revenue - have traditionally been accepted as a progression towards a natural (national) monopoly, digital exploitation of music may no longer lead to such a fate. The European Commission has challenged the traditional structures through reforms that increase the degree of competition. This paper asks whether the reforms have had the desired effect and shows, through qualitative research, that at least regarding the streaming of music, competition has not delivered. Part of the reason for this may be that the services required by the now competing CMOs have changed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-270
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Law
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Collective Management Organisations
  • competition
  • licensing
  • reforms
  • EC
  • qualitative research

Cite this