Relationship between anemia and mortality outcomes in a national acute coronary syndrome cohort: Insights from the UK Myocardial Ischemia National Audit Project registry

Mamas A. Mamas, Chun Shing Kwok, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Anthony A. Fryer, Iain Buchan, Max O. Bachmann, M. Justin Zaman, Phyo K. Myint

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Background: We aim to determine the prevalence of anemia in ACS patients and compared their clinical characteristics, management and clinical outcomes to those without anemia in an unselected national ACS cohort.
Methods and Results: The Myocardial Ischemia National Audit Project (MINAP) registry collects data on all adults admitted to hospital trusts in England and Wales with diagnosis of an ACS. We conducted a retrospective cohort study by analyzing patients in this registry between January 2006 and December 2010 and followed them up until August 2011. Multiple logistic regressions were used to determine factors associated with anemia and the adjusted odds of 30-day mortality with 1 g/dl incremental hemoglobin increase and the 30-days and 1-year mortality for anemic compared to non-anemic groups. Analyses were adjusted for covariates. Our analysis of 422,855 patients with ACS showed that 27.7% of patients presenting with ACS are anemic, and that these patients are older, have a greater prevalence renal disease, peripheral vascular disease, diabetes mellitus and previous acute myocardial infarction and are less likely to receive evidence based therapies shown to improve clinical outcomes. Finally our analysis suggests that anemia is independently associated with 30-day (OR 1.28, 95%CI 1.22-1.35) and 1-year mortality (OR 1.31, 95%CI 1.27-1.35) and we observed a reverse J-shaped relationship between hemoglobin levels and mortality outcomes.
Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia in a contemporary national ACS cohort is clinically significant. Patients with anemia are older and multi-morbid, and less likely to receive evidence-based therapies shown to improve clinical outcomes with the presence of anemia independently associated mortality outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere003348
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number11
Early online date19 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

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