Reliability and validity of the brief Dimensional Apathy Scale (b-DAS)

Ratko Radakovic, Debbie Gray, Kaitlin Dudley, Eneida Mioshi, David Dick, Giulia Melchiorre, Harry Gordon, Judith Newton, Shuna Colville, Suvankar Pal, Siddharthan Chandran, Sharon Abrahams

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Abstract

Objective: Apathy is composed of different demotivational subtypes measurable by the Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) and can be quickly assessed using the brief DAS (b-DAS). The aim was to determine the reliability and validity of the b-DAS. Method: 53 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients and 53 of their informants were recruited. Informants completed the b-DAS, the original informant/carer-rated DAS and behavioural interview about the patients (i.e. presence of behaviours such as Apathy/Inertia, Loss of sympathy/empathy). Patients completed measures of depression, anxiety, emotional lability, cognitive functioning and functional disability measures. Results: The b-DAS showed good internal consistency, excellent test-retest reliability, significant positive correlation with the original DAS and no significant correlations with depression, anxiety, emotional lability, cognitive functioning or functional disability measures. Semi-structured behaviour interview showed patients with Apathy/Inertia had significantly higher b-DAS subscale scores and patients with Loss of sympathy/empathy had significantly higher Emotional apathy scores only. Conclusions: The b-DAS is a fast, reliable and valid instrument for screening apathy subtypes independent of physical disability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539–544
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume35
Issue number5
Early online date11 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Apathy
  • Assessment
  • Dimensional apathy scale
  • Short form
  • Validation

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