Removal of palladium ions from aqueous systems by chemically modified cysteine carbon powder

Poobalasingam Abiman, Gregory G. Wildgoose, Alison Crossley, Richard G. Compton

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L-Cysteine methyl ester modified graphite powder (Cyscarbon) was used as a material to remove palladium ions from aqueous media. Cheap graphite powders (2–20 µm in diameter) were surface functionalised with L-cysteine methyl ester. The removal of Pd(II) ions was studied as a function of concentration of Pd(II) ions, contact time with modified carbon and amount of modified carbon used. Determination of palladium ions was performed by adsorptive stripping voltammetry using a mercury nanodroplet array modified glassy carbon electrode. Dimethylglyoxime (DMG) was used as chelating agent for palladium. It was found that 1 g of Cyscarbon takes up 60 µM palladium ions from 25 mL of 100 µM palladium ion samples whilst the recovery experiment carried out by stirring the palladium–Cyscarbon with DMG gave a yield of 45% (optimised).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3948-3953
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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