Respect for subjects in the ethics of causal and interpretive social explanation

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Abstract

Rival causal and interpretive approaches to explaining social phenomena have important ethical differences. While human actions can be explained as a result of causal mechanisms, as a meaningful choice based on reasons, or as some combination of the two, it is morally important that social scientists respect others by recognizing them as persons. Interpretive explanations directly respect their subjects in this way, while purely causal explanations do not. Yet although causal explanations are not themselves expressions of respect, they can be used in respectful ways if they are incorporated into subjects’ self-directed projects. This can occur when subjects correctly understand and freely adopt researchers’ goals through a process of informed consent. It can also occur when researchers correctly understand and adopt their subject’s goals, using their research to empower those they study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1012
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Political Science Review
Volume114
Issue number4
Early online date6 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

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