Returning archaeological objects to Italy

David W. J. Gill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


It has been more than 20 years since the raids on the premises at the Geneva Freeport were linked to Giacomo Medici. The seizure of photographic records led to a major investigation of acquisitions by museums and private collectors. This was expanded following the confiscation of archives from Robin Symes and Gianfranco Becchina. Over 350 items have been returned to Italy from North American public and private collections as well as auction houses and galleries. This article reviews the returns and identifies some of the major themes. It also notes some of the unresolved cases both in North America and in Europe and Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-321
Number of pages39
JournalInternational Journal of Cultural Property
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • Repatriation
  • photographic archives
  • forensic archaeology
  • art market
  • auction houses
  • antiquities market
  • ROME

Cite this