Review on biomedical sensors, technologies, and algorithms for diagnosis of sleep-disordered breathing: Comprehensive survey

Sahar Ahmadzadeh, Jikui Luo, Richard Wiffen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)


This paper provides a comprehensive review of available technologies for measurements of vital physiology related parameters that cause sleep disordered breathing (SDB). SDB is a chronic disease that may lead to several health problems and increase the risk of high blood pressure and even heart attack. Therefore, the diagnosis of SDB at an early stage is very important. The essential primary step before diagnosis is measurement. Vital health parameters related to SBD might be measured through invasive or non-invasive methods. Nowadays, with respect to increase in aging population, improvement in home health management systems is needed more than even a decade ago. Moreover, traditional health parameter measurement techniques such as polysomnography are not comfortable and introduce additional costs to the consumers. Therefore, in modern advanced self-health management devices, electronics and communication science are combined to provide appliances that can be used for SDB diagnosis, by monitoring a patient's physiological parameters with more comfort and accuracy. Additionally, development in machine learning algorithms provides accurate methods of analysing measured signals. This paper provides a comprehensive review of measurement approaches, data transmission, and communication networks, alongside machine learning algorithms for sleep stage classification, to diagnose SDB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-22
Number of pages19
JournalIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Early online date26 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Biomedical monitoring
  • Blood pressure
  • Monitoring
  • SDB
  • Sleep apnea
  • Wireless sensor networks
  • body area network
  • classification algorithm
  • invasive/noninvasive
  • respiratory monitoring system architecture
  • sensor
  • sleep stages
  • wearable technology

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