Risk, significance and biomedicalisation of a new population: Older women’s experience of osteoporosis screening

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Abstract

This article explores the illness experience associated with being diagnosed at risk of a long term chronic condition and discusses the implications of an emergent form of predictive medicine. We report on findings from a study involving 30 older women between the ages of 73-85 years of age recently screened for osteoporosis and informed that they are at a higher than average risk of breaking a bone in the next 10 years, but not formally diagnosed with osteoporosis. Data were gathered by the Adherence to Osteoporosis Medicine (ATOM) study using in-depth interviews with women in their own homes in Norfolk & Suffolk, UK in 2009-2010. We analyse and discuss the significance participants give to their new fracture risk status and consider the practical, physical and existential consequences of this 'diagnosis'. The findings are discussed under three broad themes: Predictive technology, meaning and the risk-of-illness experience; knowledge, understanding and the embodiment of fracture risk status; and, social implications of biomedicine for an ageing population. We argue that screening for osteoporosis and assessment of fracture risk can be understood as a process of biomedicalisation of ageing and bone health. This article offers insight into the meaning of risk status as an illness experience for older women. We conclude by discussing how biomedicalisation of a new population through diagnosis of fracture risk status has significance and consequence at both the individual and the societal level expanding the population of older women labelled at risk and increasing demand for biomedical tests and prescribed medication for the prevention of disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-815
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

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