Methods: We reviewed the region’s literature on rotavirus burden. We established an active surveillance network for rotavirus and analyzed data from 2007 from 4 sentinel hospitals in 3 countries (Georgia, Tajikistan, and Ukraine) that were collected using standardized enrollment and stool sample testing methods.
Results: Specimens for rotavirus testing were collected before 1997 in most studies, and the majority of studies were from 1 country, the Russian Federation. Overall, the studies indicated that ∼33% of hospitalizations for gastroenteritis among children were attributable to rotavirus. The Rotavirus Surveillance Network documented that 1425 (42%) of 3374 hospitalizations for acute gastroenteritis among children aged <5 years were attributable to rotavirus (site median, 40%). Seasonal peaks (autumn through spring) were observed. Genotype data on 323 samples showed that G1P was the most common type (32%), followed by G9P (20%), G2P (18%), and G4P (18%). Infections due to G10 and G12 and mixed infections were also detected.
Conclusions: The burden of rotavirus disease in the newly independent states is substantial. Vaccines should be considered for disease prevention.