Drug-eluting contact lenses (DECLs) incorporated with poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and various model drugs (ketotifen fumarate, bimatoprost and latanoprost) were fabricated using nanoelectrospray (nES) approach. The resulting DECLs demonstrated outstanding optical transmittance within the optical zone, indicating that the employed coating procedure did not compromise visual acuity under the prescribed spraying parameters. In vitro drug release assessments of the model drugs (ketotifen fumarate (KF), bimatoprost (BIM), and latanoprost (LN)) revealed a strong correlation between the model drug's hydrophobicity and the duration of drug release. Changing the drug loading of the more hydrophilic model drugs, BIM and KF, showed no impact on the drug release kinetics of DECLs loaded with BIM and KF. However, for the hydrophobic model drug, LN, the highest LN loading led to the most extended drug release. The conventional steam sterilisation method was found to damage the PLGA coating on the DECLs fabricated by nES. An alternative sterilisation strategy, such as radiation sterilisation may need to be investigated in the future study to minimise potential harm to the coating.
- Controlled drug delivery
- Drug-eluting contact lenses
- Ketotifen fumarate
- Ocular drug delivery
- Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)