Self-cleaning properties of TiO2/palygorskite and TiO2/halloysite nanocomposite coatings

Dionisios Panagiotaras, Eleni Kaplani, Elias Stathatos, Dimitrios Papoulis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Tubular halloysite and microfibrous palygorskite clay mineral combined with nanocrystalline TiO 2 are involved in the preparation of nanocomposite films on glass substrates via sol-gel route at 450°C. The synthesis employing nonionic surfactant molecule as pore directing agent along with the acetic acid-based sol-gel route without addition of water molecules. Drying and thermal treatment of composite films ensure elimination of organic material lead to the formation of TiO 2 nanoparticles homogeneously distributed on the palygorskite and halloysite surfaces. Nanocomposite films without cracks of active anatase crystal phase on palygorskite and halloysite surfaces are characterized by microscopy techniques, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and porosimetry methods in order to examine their structural properties. The composite palygorskite- TiO 2 and halloysite/ TiO 2 films with variable quantities of palygorskite and halloysite were tested as photocatalysts in the photo-oxidation of Basic Blue 41 azo dye in water. These nanocomposite films proved to be most promising photocatalysts and highly effective to dye’s decoloration in spite of small amount of palygorskite/ TiO 2 or halloysite/ TiO 2 catalyst immobilized onto glass substrates.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventICCMSE 2014 - Athens, Greece
Duration: 4 Apr 20147 Apr 2014


ConferenceICCMSE 2014

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