Self-determination group or extra-legal governance? The multi-faceted nature of the Oodua People's Congress in Nigeria

Yvan Guichaoua

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11 Citations (Scopus)


paper contributes to the understanding of the origins of violent non-legalorganisations in West Africa by focusing on the emergence and the evolution of the OoduaPeople’s Congress (OPC), a movement aiming at defending the interests of the Yoruba peoplein Nigeria. It discusses the causes of its gradual transformation from a self-determinationgroup ready to use political violence into an agency of local extra-legal governance toleratedby of?cial federal authorities. This evolution may re?ect the normalisation of the OPC inNigeria’s weak democracy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-533
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of International Development
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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