Solventless supramolecular chemistry via vapor diffusion of volatile small molecules upon a new trinuclear silver(I)-nitrated pyrazolate macrometallocyclic solid: An experimental/theoretical investigation of the dipole/quadrupole chemisorption phenomena

Rossanna Galassi, Simone Ricci, Alfredo Burini, Alceo Macchioni, Luca Rocchigiani, Fabio Marmottini, Sammer M. Tekarli, Vladimir N. Nesterov, Mohammad A. Omary

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Abstract

A comparative study on the tendency of a new trinuclear silver(I) pyrazolate, namely, [N,N-(3,5-dinitropyrazolate)Ag]3 (1), and a similar compound known previously, [N,N-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrazolate]Ag]3 (2), to adsorb small volatile molecules was performed. It was found that 1 has a remarkable tendency to form adducts, at room temperature and atmospheric pressure, with acetone, acetylacetone, ammonia, pyridine, acetonitrile, triethylamine, dimethyl sulfide, and tetrahydrothiophene, while carbon monoxide, tetrahydrofuran, alcohols, and diethyl ether were not adsorbed. On the contrary, 2 did not undergo adsorption of any of the aforementioned volatile molecules. Adducts of 1 were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area, and diffusion NMR measurements. The crystal structures of 1·2CH3CN and compound 3, derived from an attempt to crystallize the adduct of 1 with ammonia, were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffractometric studies. The former shows a sandwich structure with a 1:2 stoichiometric [Ag3]/[CH3CN] ratio in which one acetonitrile molecule points above and the other below the centroid of the Ag3N6 metallocycle. Compound 3 formed via rearrangement of the ammonia adduct to yield an anionic trinuclear silver(I) derivative with an additional bridging 3,5-dinitropyrazolate and having [Ag(NH3)2]+ as the counterion, [Ag(NH3)2][N,N-(3,5-dinitropyrazolate)4Ag3]. Irreversible sorption and/or decomposition upon vapor exposure are desirable advantages toward toxic gas filtration applications, including ammonia inhalation. TGA confirms the analytical data for all of the samples, showing weight loss for each adsorbed molecule at temperatures significantly higher than the corresponding boiling temperature, which suggests a chemical-bonding nature for adsorption as opposed to physisorption. BET surface measurements of the “naked” compound 1 excluded physical adsorption in its porous cavities. Density functional theory simulation results are also consistent with the chemisorption model, explain the experimental adsorption selectivity for 1, and attribute the lack of similar adsorption by 2 to significantly less polarizable electrostatic potential and also to strong argentophilic bonding whose energy is even higher than the quadrupole–dipole adduct bond energy upon proper selection of the density functional.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14124-14137
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number24
Early online date20 Nov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2013

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