Sources of the eutrophication problems associated with toxic algae: an overview

Sophie Pitois, Michael H Jackson, Brian JB Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Blooms of cyanobacteria (toxic blue-green algae) can produce health and environmental hazards in water, including water used for drinking or recreational purposes. How, why, and when these blooms are produced, as well as how to deal with them, are questions whose answers are vital to the safeguarding of public health in regions where the algae occur. The blooms are linked to eutrophication of water, and this paper discusses the eutrophication problems, their nature, and their relevance to the production of cyanobacteria. Nutrient limitations on algal productivity are considered, as is the involvement of the atmosphere, the storage of nutrients in soils, and the influence of anthropogenic activity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Cite this