Spatial extent and historical context of North Sea oxygen depletion in August 2010

Bastien Y. Queste, Liam Fernand, Timothy D. Jickells, Karen J. Heywood

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Abstract

Prompted by recent observations of seasonal low dissolved oxygen from two moorings in the North Sea, a hydrographic survey in August 2010 mapped the spatial extent of summer oxygen depletion. Typical near-bed dissolved oxygen saturations in the stratified regions of the North Sea were 75–80 % while the well-mixed regions of the southern North Sea reached 90 %. Two regions of strong thermal stratification, the area between the Dooley and Central North Sea Currents and the area known as the Oyster Grounds, had oxygen saturations as low as 65 and 70 % (200 and 180 µmol dm-3) respectively. Low dissolved oxygen was apparent in regions characterised by low advection, high stratification, elevated organic matter production from the spring bloom and a deep chlorophyll maximum. Historical data over the last century from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea oceanographic database highlight an increase in seasonal oxygen depletion and a warming over the past 20 years. The 2010 survey is consistent with, and reinforces, the signal of recent depleted oxygen at key locations seen in the (albeit sparse) historical data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-68
Number of pages16
JournalBiogeochemistry
Volume113
Issue number1-3
Early online date22 Apr 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Hypoxia
  • North Sea
  • Oxygen
  • Shelf
  • Stratification

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