This paper develops empirical tests of three hypotheses arising from transaction cost theory, as developed by Oliver Williamson. Evidence is provided from a new dataset on 178 inputs gathered from UK engineering firms. The probability of buying-in specialised inputs is higher if the production technology is non-specific, but only if there are economies of scale or scope. Furthermore, the economies of scale/scope effect is much reduced in the presence of specific assets. This interactive hypothesis has not been formally tested before. We also believe this to be the first cross-section empirical test of transaction cost make-or-buy theory using European data.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 1995|
- Specific assets
- Transaction costs