Stability of hydroelastic waves in deep water

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Two-dimensional periodic travelling hydroelastic waves on water of infinite depth are investigated. A bifurcation branch is tracked that delineates a family of such solutions connecting small amplitude periodic waves to the large amplitude static state for which the wave is at rest and there is no fluid motion. The stability of these periodic waves is then examined using a surface-variable formulation in which a linearised eigenproblem is stated on the basis of Floquet theory and solved numerically. The eigenspectrum is discussed encompassing both superharmonic and subharmonic perturbations. In the former case the onset of instability via a Tanaka-type collision of eigenvalues at zero is identified. The structure of the eigenvalue spectrum is elucidated as the travelling-wave branch is followed revealing a highly intricate structure.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWater Waves
Early online date9 Jan 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jan 2024


  • Floquet–Fourier–Hill method
  • Hydroelasticity
  • Linear stability

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