The linear stability of core-annular fluid arrangements are considered in which two concentric viscous fluid layers occupy the annular region within a straight pipe with a solid rod mounted on its axis when the interface between the fluids is coated with an insoluble surfactant. The linear stability of this arrangement is studied in two scenarios: one for core-annular flow in the absence of the rod and the second for rod-annular flow when the rod moves parallel to itself along the pipe axis at a prescribed velocity. In the latter case the effect of convective motion on a quiescent fluid configuration is also considered. For both flows the emphasis is placed on non-axisymmetric modes; in particular their impact on the recent stabilization to axisymmetric modes at zero Reynolds number discovered by Bassom, Blyth and Papageorgiou (J. Fluid. Mech., vol. 704, 2012, pp. 333-359) is assessed. It is found that in general non-axisymmetric disturbances do not undermine this stabilization, but under certain conditions the flow may be linearly stable to axisymmetric disturbances but linearly unstable to non-axisymmetric disturbances.
- core-annular flow
- interfacial flows (free surface)
- multiphase and particle-laden flows