Structural factors controlling the transition between columnar hexagonal and helical mesophase in triphenylene liquid crystals

Andrew N. Cammidge, Hemant Gopee

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A series of novel triphenylenes has been synthesised by a combination of palladium catalysed coupling, oxidative cyclisation, bromination and nucleophilic aromatic substitution. The new derivatives are designed to have structures which are intermediate between the known symmetrical materials hexakis(hexyloxy)triphenylene and hexakis(hexylthio)triphenylene. The compounds having four hexyloxy and two hexylthio substituents form only Colh mesophases. Triphenylenes having four hexylthio and two hexyloxy substituents also give Colh mesophases but 3,6-bis(hexyloxy)-2,7,10,11-tetrakis(hexylthio)triphenylene 5 is unique in that it cools into a stable, more ordered phase. The low temperature phase, which appears to be indefinitely stable at ambient temperature, is assumed to be helical based on transition enthalpy data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2773-2783
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2001

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