Structure and properties of two glucose-based deep eutectic systems

Fernando Bergua, Ignacio Delso, José Muñoz-Embid, Carlos Lafuente, Manuela Artal

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Continued industrialization and increasing environmental problems have highlighted the need to research new eco-friendly solvents, also known as deep eutectic solvents (DESs). To implement these solvents in industrial processes, the knowledge of their molecular organization and thermophysical properties must be enhanced. In this work, two DESs have been characterized: d-glucose:choline chloride:water (GCH) and d-glucose:citric acid:water (GCiH). NMR techniques were used to analyse both the supramolecular structure and the role of water and to calculate the diffusion coefficients. Moreover, seven thermophysical properties at several temperatures were evaluated. As a second aim, the solubility of quercetin was determined. NMR studies showed a stronger supramolecular structure of GCH and a high ratio of β-glucose in both DESs. Based on the thermophysical results, the solvent with choline chloride had the most compact fluid structure. Finally, the solubility of quercetin in the DESs was higher than in water, especially for GCH.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127717
JournalFood Chemistry
Early online date1 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2021


  • Choline chloride
  • Citric acid
  • Glucose
  • Quercetin
  • Solubility
  • Thermophysical properties

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