Submarine-spring controlled calcification and growth of large Rivularia bioherms: Late Pleistocene (MIS 5e), Gulf of Corinth, Greece

Clive Portman, Julian E. Andrews, Peter J. Rowe, Michael R. Leeder, Jurian Hoogewerff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The cyanobacterium Rivularia haematites has calcified to form unusually large (up to 10 m high) bioherms in the Pleistocene Gulf of Corinth. Today R. haematites calcifies only in freshwater environments but these Gulf of Corinth bioherms have a brackish affinity, limited areal extent, and occur within marine deposits. Field relations and preliminary U-series dating suggest a marine isotope stage (MIS) 5e age for the bioherms. This age is compatible with published MIS 5e ages for corals in the marine sediments above the bioherms and is consistent with their current elevation based on average uplift rates. Bioherm growth during MIS 5e constrains their formation during a time of near sea-level highstand when the Gulf of Corinth was marine. Growth cavities in the bioherms are encrusted by brackish tolerant coralline algae. Field mapping of the MIS 5e highstand palaeoshoreline shows the bioherms grew in water
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-465
Number of pages25
Issue number52
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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