Substitution between leisure activities: a quasi-natural experiment using sports viewing and cinema attendance

Sofia Izquierdo Sanchez (Lead Author), Caroline Elliott, Rob Simmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


The allocation of time between leisure activities and work has been extensively analysed in academic literature. However, leisure time is limited and there may not be sufficient time to enjoy all the leisure activities desired. Hence, this article considers the allocation of time between substitute leisure activities. International football tournaments provide an opportunity to consider consumers’ preferences for watching football and films in a quasi-natural experimental setting. A trade-off between these leisure activities is identified using a difference-in-difference methodology. Using an original, four-country data set, a large and robust negative effect of mega sports events on cinema admissions is identified.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3848-3860
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Economics
Issue number40
Early online date12 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Leisure
  • Football
  • Cinema
  • Difference-in-Difference
  • D12
  • J22

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