Summer monsoon rainfall variability over Maharashtra, India

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This paper presents the results of an analysis of the daily rainfall of 329 rain gauge stations data over Maharashtra, a state in India, during the summer monsoon season, June to September, for the 11 year period from 1998 to 2008. Mesoscale analysis of the daily rainfall data is performed by converting the station rainfall data into gridded format with 15 km resolution. Various statistics have been carried out over 35 districts of four meteorological subdivisions of the Maharashtra state to understand the spatio-temporal variability of rainfall. Variation of monthly mean rainfall for the four monsoon months and a season as whole is analyzed for different rainfall statistics such as mean rainfall, rainfall variability, rainy days, maximum daily rainfall and classification of rainy days. Seasonal rainfall is maximum over the Konkan region followed by the eastern Vidharbha region whereas Madhya Maharashtra as a rain shadow region receives less rainfall. The rainfall is highly variable over all of Maharashtra with the coefficient of variability of the daily rainfall varying between 100 and 300%. Seasonal distribution of the number of rainy days shows 90–100 over southern Konkan, 80–90 over northern Konkan, 50–60 over eastern Vidharbha, and the southeast Madhya Maharashtra has the lowest number of about 15–20 rainy days. The highest values of maximum daily rainfall are located over the Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri, Raigadh, Mumbai and Thane districts of the Konkan region followed by that over eastern Vidharbha. The rainfall data have been divided into three categories (moderate rainfall, heavy rainfall and extreme heavy rainfall) based upon seven categories used by the India Meteorological Department. Heavy rainfall zones lie over the southern Konkan region, whereas extreme heavy rainfalls occur over northern latitudes. The data used in this study is having high resolution and district wise analysis over Maharashtra state is extremely beneficial.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-273
Number of pages15
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


  • Indian summer monsoon
  • Western Ghats
  • Rainfall variability
  • Extreme heavy rainfall

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