The kinetic adsorption–desorption behaviour of porcine gastric mucin in the presence of physiologically relevant concentrations of the polyphenol epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) was investigated using high-resolution kinetic optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy (OWLS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Comparison with dynamic light scattering results from EGCG–mucin mixtures indicates that discrete particles are formed whose size increases with increasing EGCG:mucin ratio. These particles are deduced to be the adsorbing entities, which fuse on the surface to form complex surface layers. At low molar EGCG:mucin ratios (<∼1000), aggregates fuse on the surface to form a monolayer similar to one of pure mucin. With increasing EGCG concentration, the surface assembly of aggregates becomes consistent with their rearrangement and spreading in the shape of a spherical segment. At the highest molar ratios investigated (>12,000) the particles begin to destabilize. The presence of EGCG leads to birefringence hysteresis during adsorption–desorption, indicating structural rearrangement, even at molar ratios ∼1000. The intensification of the phenomenon with increasing EGCG:mucin ratio mimics what was previously observed with the increase of mucin concentration in an EGCG-free system.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|Early online date||2 Dec 2016|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2017|