Survival outcomes and interval between lymphoscintigraphy and SLNB in cutaneous melanoma- findings of a large prospective cohort study

Fionnuala M. O'Leary, Clare J. Beadsmoore, Davina Pawaroo, John Skrypniuk, Martin J. Heaton, Marc D. Moncrieff

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Abstract

Introduction: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in cutaneous melanoma (CM) is performed to identify patient at risk of regional and distant relapse. We hypothesized that timing of lymphoscintigraphy may influence the accuracy of SLNB and patient outcomes. Methods: We reviewed prospective data on patients undergoing SLNB for CM at a large university cancer-center between 2008-2015, examining patient and tumor demographics and time between lymphoscintigraphy (LS) and SLNB. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis assessed disease-specific (DSS) and overall-survival (OS), stratified by timing of LS. Cox multivariate regression analysis assessed independent risk factors for survival. Results: We identified 1015 patients. Median follow-up was 45 months (IQR 26-68 months). Univariate analysis showed a 6.8% absolute DSS (HR 1.6 [1.03-2.48], p= 0.04) benefit and a 10.7% absolute OS (HR 1.64 [1.13-2.38], p=0.01) benefit for patients whose SLNB was performed < 12 hrs of LS (n= 363) compared to those performed >12 hours (n=652). Multivariate analysis identified timing of LS as an independent predictor of OS (p=0.007) and DSS (p=0.016) when competing with age, sex, Breslow thickness (BT) and SLN status. No difference in nodal relapse rates (5.2% v 4.6%; p=0.67) was seen. Both groups were matched for age, sex, BT and SLN status. Conclusion: These data have significant implications for SLNB services, suggesting delaying SLNB >12 hours after LS using a Tc99-labelled nanocolloid has a significant negative survival impact for patients and should be avoided. We hypothesise that temporal tracer migration is the underlying cause and advocate further trials investigating alternative, 'stable' tracer-agents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1768-1772
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume44
Issue number11
Early online date23 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

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