Susceptibility to optical illusions varies as a function of the autism-spectrum quotient but not in ways predicted by local–global biases

Philippe Chouinard, Katy Unwin, Oriane Landry, Irene Sperandio

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29 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder and those with autistic tendencies in non-clinical groups are thought to have a perceptual style privileging local details over global integration. We used 13 illusions to investigate this perceptual style in typically developing adults with various levels of autistic traits. Illusory susceptibility was entered into a principal-component analysis. Only one factor, consisting of the Shepard’s tabletops and Square-diamond illusions, was found to have reduced susceptibility as a function of autistic traits. Given that only two illusions were affected and that these illusions depend mostly on the processing of within-object relational properties, we conclude there is something distinct about autistic-like perceptual functioning but not in ways predicted by a preference of local over global elements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2224-2239
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number6
Early online date25 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Visual illusions
  • Shepard's tabletops illusion
  • Visual perception
  • Illusory susceptibility
  • Autism-spectrum quotient (AQ)

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