Synthesis and characterization of lead metallated non-peripherally substituted octa-octyl tetrabenzo(aza)porphyrins showing face-to-face columnar stacking in the crystal phase

Lydia Sosa-Vargas, Simon J. Coles, Graham J. Tizzard, Isabelle Chambrier, Michael J. Cook, Andrew N. Cammidge (Lead Author)

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The full range of porphyrin-phthalocyanine hybrids can be synthesised by treatment of 1,4-dioctylphthalonitrile with varying equivalents of MeMgBr to produce mixtures favouring specific hybrid structures and the tetrabenzoporphyrin in the extreme case. The individual macrocycles can be isolated in pure form as their magnesium derivatives, and subsequently demetallated to give the parent metal-free compounds. Insertion of lead proceeded smoothly with all hybrids using lead (II) acetate. In the case of monoaza- and triaza-hybrids, the resulting materials could be recrystallised to give crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction. The crystal structures are distinctive from previously reported examples of non-peripherally substituted octaalkyl phthalocyanines and hybrids (metal-free and metallated, including with lead) and they each present infinite stacks of cofacial macrocycles linked through bridging lead ions which, as expected, lie outside of the macrocycle plane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1291
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines
Issue number07n10
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • Lead phthalocyanines
  • columnar stacks
  • crystal structure
  • phthalocyanine-porphyrin hybrids
  • lead phthalocyanines

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