Synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of ansa-bis(allyl) lanthanide complexes, a new class of single-component methyl methacrylate polymerization catalysts

Timothy J. Woodman, Mark Schormann, Manfred Bochmann

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The reaction of the dipotassium salt K2{3-(C3H3SiMe3-1)2SiMe2} with LnCl3 in THF leads to the formation of the new ansa-allyl lanthanate complexes [Ln{(?3-C3H3SiMe3)2SiMe2}2{µ-K(THF)}·nTHF]8 (1, Ln = La, n = 0.5; 2, Ln = Y, n = 1; 3, Ln = Sc, n = 1). Reaction of K2{3-(C3H3SiMe3-1)2SiMe2} with NdI3(THF)3.5 affords THF-free [Nd{(?3-C3H3SiMe3)2SiMe2}2(µ-K)]8 (4). Treatment of SmI2(THF)2 with Li{3-(C3H3SiMe3-1)2SiMe2}/KOtBu resulted in the samarium(III) complex [Li(OEt2)4][Sm{(?3-C3H3SiMe3)2SiMe2}2] (5), albeit in small yield. Whereas the crystal structure of 1 shows a coordination polymer, with potassium bridging to allyl moieties of two neighboring lanthanide units and close K···CH3Si contacts, complex 5 consists of discrete ions. The complexes 1-5 are all found to be efficient catalysts for the polymerization of methyl methacrylate to high-molecular-weight polymers under a variety of conditions, with 2 at 0 °C giving extremely high turnovers of 86 400 mol of MMA (mol of Y)-1 h-1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2938-2943
Number of pages6
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2003

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