Taking working memory training from the laboratory into schools

Joni Holmes, S.E. Gathercole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Working memory skills have been shown to be enhanced by adaptive training in several randomised controlled trials. Here, two field trials were conducted in which teachers administered working memory training to their own pupils in school. Twenty-two children aged 8–9 years participated in Trial 1. In Trial 2, 50 children aged 9–11 years with the lowest academic performance completed training. They were matched with a group of 50 children who were not trained. Following training, children in Trial 1 improved significantly in both trained and untrained working memory tasks, with effect sizes comparable to those reported in research studies. Improvements on the trained tasks in Trial 2 were comparable, and training was associated with significantly greater progress at school across the academic year in maths and English. These findings indicate that teacher-administered training leads to generalised and robust gains in working memory and educationally significant gains in academic performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-450
Number of pages11
JournalEducational Psychology
Volume34
Issue number4
Early online date10 May 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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