The spiral antiferromagnetic phase of polycrystalline dysprosium between 140 K and the Néel temperature at 178 K and its domain wall (DW) dynamics were investigated using high-resolution ultrasonic spectroscopy. Two kinetic processes of quasi-static DW motion occur under non-isothermal and isothermal conditions. A “fast” process is proportional to the rate of the temperature change and results in a new category of anelastic phenomena: magnetic transient ultrasonic internal friction (IF). This IF, related to fast moving magnetic DWs, decays rapidly after interruptions of cooling/heating cycles. A second, “slow” kinetic process is seen as logarithmic IF relaxation under isothermal conditions. This second process is glass-like and results in memory and temperature chaos effects. Low-frequency thermal fluctuations of DWs, previously detected by X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, are related to critical fluctuations with Brownian motion-like dynamics of DWs.