Ten-year assessment of the 100 priority questions for global biodiversity conservation

Tomasso Jucker, Bonnie Wintle, Gorm Shackelford, Pierre Bocquillon, Jan Laurens Geffert, Tim Kasaor, Eszter Kovacs, Hannah S. Mumby, Chloé Orland, Judith Schleicher, Eleanor R. Tew, Aiora Zabala, Tatsuya Amano, Alexandra Bell, Boris Bongalov, Josephine M. Chambers, Colleen Corrigan, América P. Durán, Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli, Caroline EmilsonJéssica Fonseca da Silva, Emma E. Garnett, Elizabeth J. Green, Miriam K. Guth, Andrew Hacket-Pain, Amy Hinsley, Javier Igea, Martina Kunz, Sarah H. Luke, William Lynam, Philip A. Martin, Matheus H. Nunes, Nancy Ockendon, Aly Pavitt, Charlotte L. R. Payne, Victoria Plutshack, Tim T. Rademacher, Rebecca J. Robertson, David C. Rose, Anca Serban, Benno I. Simmons, Erik J. S. Emilson, Catherine Tayleur, Claire F. R. Wordley, Nibedita Mukherjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In 2008, a group of conservation scientists compiled a list of 100 priority questions for the conservation of the world's biodiversity [Sutherland et al. (2009) Conservation Biology, 23, 557–567]. However, now almost a decade later, no one has yet published a study gauging how much progress has been made in addressing these 100 high‐priority questions in the peer‐reviewed literature. Here we take a first step toward re‐examining the 100 questions and identify key knowledge gaps that still remain. Through a combination of a questionnaire and a literature review, we evaluated each of the 100 questions on the basis of two criteria: relevance and effort. We defined highly‐relevant questions as those which – if answered – would have the greatest impact on global biodiversity conservation, while effort was quantified based on the number of review publications addressing a particular question, which we used as a proxy for research effort. Using this approach we identified a set of questions that, despite being perceived as highly relevant, have been the focus of relatively few review publications over the past ten years. These questions covered a broad range of topics but predominantly tackled three major themes: the conservation and management of freshwater ecosystems, the role of societal structures in shaping interactions between people and the environment, and the impacts of conservation interventions. We see these questions as important knowledge gaps that have so far received insufficient attention and may need to be prioritised in future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1463
JournalConservation Biology
Volume32
Issue number6
Early online date20 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • literature review
  • horizon scanning
  • knowledge gaps
  • network analysis
  • priority setting
  • questionnaire
  • research agenda

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