The appeal of the Green Deal: Empirical evidence for the influence of energy efficiency policy on renovating homeowners

Hazel Pettifor (Lead Author), Charlie Wilson, Georgios Chrysochoidis

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The Green Deal is a major new energy policy designed to support the diffusion of energy efficiency measures in UK homes. This paper provides one of the first empirical examinations of the Green Deal’s success in influencing homeowners’ renovation decisions. Using a repeated measures design in which households were questioned before and after the Green Deal’s launch in January 2013, we assess the policy’s success in raising awareness of energy efficiency. In particular, we test the effectiveness of the Green Deal’s positioning to overcome barriers to renovation among homeowners already interested in or considering energy efficiency measures. Using the innovation decision process (Rogers 2003) as a conceptual framing of the renovation decision process, we examine whether new information on energy efficiency provided by the Green Deal strengthened intentions and its antecedents. We find that (1) energy efficiency is of potential appeal to all renovators regardless of their attitudes about energy efficiency, (2) energy efficiency opportunities need to be identified in the early stages of renovation when homeowners are thinking about ways to improve their home, and (3) homeowners’ intentions towards energy efficiency are weakened by uncertainty about financial benefits, helping to explain the relatively slow uptake of the Green Deal to-date.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-176
Number of pages16
JournalEnergy Policy
Early online date23 Jan 2015
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015


  • The Green Deal
  • Home Renovations
  • Energy Efficiency

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