The association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and D2 with behavioural problems in childhood

Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Adrian Sayers, William D. Fraser, Glyn Lewis, Stanley Zammit, Debbie A. Lawlor

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Higher serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), an indicator of vitamin D synthesis and intake, have been associated with better mental health and cognitive function. Concentrations of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (the active vitamin D(3) metabolite) have been associated with openness and extrovert behaviour, but 25(OH)D concentrations have not been associated with behavioural problems in humans.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere40097
JournalPLoS One
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2012


  • 25-Hydroxyvitamin D 2
  • Calcifediol
  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders
  • Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
  • Humans
  • Questionnaires

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