The Black Middle Class in nineteenth and early twentieth century Norfolk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Downloads (Pure)


This article considers the under-researched subject of English people of African heritage who lived a prosperous and fulfi lled life in Norfolk during the 19th and early 20th centuries. In doing so, the article aims to provide additional data and analysis in respect of an issue to which Gretchen Gerzina and James Walvin have, rightly, drawn our attention; the relative paucity of our knowledge concerning the lives of Black and mixed-race people in 19th-century Britain.1 In respect of Norfolk I have suggested elsewhere already that the evidence of the history of Norfolk's Black and mixed race population shows how Norfolk had a long-standing Black population from at least the 16th century and that this population appears to have been integrated relatively well into the white majority population.2 The evidence produced here expands upon that interpretation by looking at the period after 1800 and also by looking at a specifi c group about which nothing has been written to date, those members of the county’s middle-class who had an African heritage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-522
Number of pages12
JournalNorfolk Archaeology
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Cite this