The Bristol model: An abyss called a Cohen real

Asaf Karagila

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We construct a model M of ZF which lies between L and L[c] for a Cohen real c and does not have the form L(x) for any set x. This is loosely based on the unwritten work done in a Bristol workshop about Woodin's HOD Conjecture in 2011. The construction given here allows for a finer analysis of the needed assumptions on the ground models, thus taking us one step closer to understanding models of ZF, and the HOD Conjecture and its relatives. This model also provides a positive answer to a question of Grigorieff about intermediate models of ZF, and we use it to show the failure of Kinna-Wagner Principles in ZF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1850008
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Mathematical Logic
Issue number2
Early online date27 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Axiom of choice
  • Bristol model
  • HOD Conjecture
  • intermediate models
  • Kinna-Wagner principles
  • symmetric extension

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