The bullied who bullies: The reciprocal relationship between victim and aggressor in workplace bullying

Alfredo Rodríguez, Bernardo Moreno, Elfie Baillien, Ana Sanz Vergel, Ynomig Moreno

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore longitudinal relationships between organizational factors (workload and procedural justice) and targets and perpetrators of workplace bullying. We compared several causal models (baseline or stability, normal, reversed and reciprocal models). The sample comprised 286 employees from two companies in Madrid, and we used a time-lag of one year. Results of structural equation modeling analyses showed that reciprocal model fi t the data the best.
We found that T1 workload was related positively to T2 target of bullying, and T1 procedural justice was related negatively to T2 target of bullying. There was a signifi cant reverse effect of T1 target of bullying on T2 workload. Furthermore, we found a reciprocal relationship between being the target and the perpetrator of bullying. Overall, these fi ndings emphasize the need to extend the traditional causal models of workplace bullying to more dynamic approaches.
Translated title of the contributionThe bullied who bullies: The reciprocal relationship between victim and aggressor in workplace bullying
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)358-363
Number of pages5
JournalPsicothema
Volume24
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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